Acculturation and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations across pregnancy among Mexican-American women
AutorInnen: Scholaske, Laura; Buss, Claudia; Wadhwa, Pathik D.; Entringer, Sonja Publikationsjahr: 2018
Background. The process of acculturation (post-migration acquisition of host culture and/or loss of heritage culture) likely represents a key mediator of the observed post-migration decline in health that is evident among immigrant populations such as Mexican Americans. The observations that migrant health declines progressively as not only a function of length of stay in the U.S. but also across generations, and that this inter-generational decline in health is evident as early as at the time of birth itself, supports the concept of fetal programming of acculturation’s effects. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Inflammation during pregnancy represents a candidate pathway of particular interest for 2 reasons: it represents a key biological mediator of the psychosocial and/or behavioral sequelae of acculturation on health, and it represents a key pathway by which maternal states and conditions during pregnancy may influence fetal development and subsequent birth and child developmental and health outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between acculturation and inflammation across pregnancy in a population of Mexican-American women. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that a higher level of acculturation is associated with higher circulating concentrations across pregnancy of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6).
Methods. 75 pregnant first- or second-generation Mexican-American women constituted the study population. Acculturation was quantified using a commonly-used and previously validated measure – the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans (ARSMA). Maternal blood samples were collected during early, mid and late pregnancy for analysis of circulating IL-6 concentrations.
Results. Hierarchical linear models indicated a significantly and positive main effect of acculturation on IL-6 concentrations across pregnancy after adjusting for key covariates including gestational age(s) at blood sampling, socioeconomic status, pre-pregnancy BMI, and presence of obstetric risk conditions.
Conclusions. Maternal inflammation during pregnancy may represent a biological pathway of interest in the context of the inter-generational effects of acculturation from a mother to her as-yet-unborn child.doi: 10.1016/J.BBI.2018.08.005