Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenartikel

Social Justice Beliefs Regarding Old-Age Provisions in Germany: A Latent Profile Analysis

AutorInnen: Franke, Janna; Simonson, Julia Publikationsjahr: 2018

Examining personal beliefs about social justice in the way a society provides financial security in old age may reveal potential conflicts about the distribution of wealth. Individuals differ with regard to how they believe old-age provisions should be distributed (e.g., based on principles of merit or self-reliance), and individuals often endorse more than one belief at the same time. Using latent profile analysis and data from the 2014 German Ageing Survey we identify five separate profiles of social justice beliefs among older adults (40–85 years) in Germany. Belief profiles were based on the extent to which people simultaneously endorse and/or reject meritocratic, redistributive, self-reliant, and fatalistic ideas regarding old-age provisions. Almost 20% of the sample demonstrated a belief system in line with the German meritocratic system. Roughly three-fifth did not show strong preferences for a specific social justice principle. However, we identified two belief profiles representing 22.4% of the sample which may reflect dissent from the current system. Sociodemographic characteristics, political identification, and indicators of social disadvantage (e.g., lower income, fears of decline in social status, and feelings of social exclusion) were differentially associated with the five belief profiles. Overall, the results showed that in particular people of lower socioeconomic status were critical with respect to the principles of the German pension system raising questions regarding the demand of political interventions.

doi: 10.1007/s11211-018-0305-x
Franke, Janna; Simonson, Julia (2018): Social Justice Beliefs Regarding Old-Age Provisions in Germany: A Latent Profile Analysis. Social Justice Research 31, 182-205. DOI: 10.1007/s11211-018-0305-x.